It is difficult to determine which artist has sold the most works of art while they were alive, as the value and price of art can vary significantly. Additionally, the commercial success of an artist’s work does not necessarily reflect the quality or cultural impact of their art. That being said, some artists who are known to have had significant commercial success during their lifetimes include Pablo Picasso, Andy Warhol, and Vincent van Gogh.
Picasso was a highly influential and prolific artist, and many of his works have sold for high prices at auction. Some of his most famous and valuable works include “Les Femmes d’Alger,” which sold for over $179 million at Christie’s in 2015, and “Nude, Green Leaves, and Bust,” which sold for over $106 million at Christie’s in 2010.
Andy Warhol was a leading figure in the Pop Art movement of the mid-20th century, and his bold, colorful, and often controversial works continue to have a significant impact on contemporary art. Many of Warhol’s works have sold for high prices at auction, and his most expensive work to date is believed to be “Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster),” which sold for over $105 million at Sotheby’s in 2013.
Warhol’s works often explore themes of celebrity, consumerism, and the media, and they often challenge traditional notions of art and artistic value. His iconic images of Campbell’s Soup cans, Marilyn Monroe, and Elvis Presley have become synonymous with the Pop Art movement and continue to be widely recognized and influential today. Warhol’s use of mass-produced commercial imagery and his embrace of popular culture helped to democratize the art world and paved the way for later artists to draw from a wide range of sources and media.
Warhol’s legacy continues to be felt in the art world today, and his works can be found in major museums and private collections around the world. His bold, provocative, and often humorous approach to art-making has inspired numerous artists and continues to influence contemporary art practices.
Vincent van Gogh is considered one of the most influential and important artists in the history of Western art, and his works continue to be highly sought after by collectors and museums around the world. Many of van Gogh’s works have sold for high prices at auction, and his most expensive work to date is believed to be “Irises,” which sold for over $53 million at Sotheby’s in 1987.
Van Gogh’s works are characterized by his bold use of color, expressive brushwork, and emotive subject matter. He is best known for his vivid and often turbulent landscapes, as well as his powerful portraits and still lifes. Van Gogh’s work is deeply personal and reflects his tumultuous emotional state, as well as his keen observations of the world around him.
Van Gogh’s work has had a profound impact on the art world and continues to be highly influential to this day. His innovative use of color, expressive brushwork and emotive subject matter have inspired countless artists and have contributed to the development of various art movements, including Fauvism, Expressionism, and Post-Impressionism.
Van Gogh’s legacy extends far beyond the art world, and his works are among the most recognizable and beloved in the world. His powerful and emotionally charged paintings continue to resonate with audiences today, and his contributions to the art world continue to be recognized and celebrated.
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So, who between Andy Warhol, Vincent Van Gogh, or Pablo Picasso is having the most value in the 21st century?
Well, it is difficult to determine which of these artists has the most value in the 21st century, so let’s say all three of these artists are highly influential and important figures in the art world, and their works continue to be highly sought after by collectors and museums around the world.
Pablo Picasso is widely considered one of the most important and influential artists of the 20th century, and his works continue to be highly valued and sought after. His cubist works, in particular, are considered masterpieces of modern art and have consistently sold for high prices at auctions.
Andy Warhol is also highly valued in the art world, and his works continue to be highly sought after by collectors and museums. His bold, colorful, and often controversial works are considered iconic of the Pop Art movement and continue to be influential to this day.
Vincent van Gogh is also highly valued in the art world, and his works continue to be highly sought after by collectors and museums. His powerful and emotionally charged paintings continue to resonate with audiences today and are considered some of the most important and influential works in the history of Western art.
It is important to note that the value and price of art can vary significantly over time and can be influenced by a variety of factors, including the artist, the quality and rarity of the work, and the demand for the work.
What art piece sold the most expensive in the world until there?
“Interchange,” by Willem de Kooning, sold for $300 million at Christie’s in 2015
“Card Players,” by Paul Cézanne, sold for over $250 million at Christie’s in 2011
“Salvator Mundi,” a painting attributed to Leonardo da Vinci, sold for over $450 million at Christie’s in 2017
“Pink Star,” a pink diamond, sold for over $71 million at Sotheby’s in 2017
“Graffiti,” by Jean-Michel Basquiat, sold for over $110 million at Sotheby’s in 2017
What about NFT? Some of the most expensive NFT sales to date include:
“Everydays: The First 5000 Days,” a digital artwork by Beeple, sold for over $69 million at Christie’s in March 2021
“CryptoKitties,” a virtual collectible game, which saw individual kitties sell for over $100,000 in 2017
“The First 5000 Days,” a digital artwork by Beeple, sold for over $2.2 million at Christie’s in March 2021
“Crossroads,” a digital artwork by Trevor Jones, sold for over $6.6 million at Christie’s in March 2021
“The Feline Queen,” a digital artwork by Dadi, sold for over $2 million at Christie’s in March 2021
It is important to note that the value and price of NFTs can vary significantly and can be influenced by a variety of factors, including the artist, the quality and rarity of the work, and the demand for the work.
What are you doing as an artist to create a demand for your artwork?
In terms of advertising methods, the 18th century saw the rise of print advertising, including the use of posters, handbills, and print ads in newspapers and magazines. These methods were used to promote a variety of products and services, including artworks.
Today, digital marketing and social media have become very important tools for promoting artwork and reaching a wider audience. In addition to traditional print advertising, artists can use online platforms such as social media, email marketing, and websites to promote their work and reach potential buyers.
There are a variety of factors that can influence the value and price of an artist’s work, and it is not uncommon for the works of artists who are no longer alive to sell for higher prices than those of artists who are still living. Here are a few possible reasons why this may be the case:
Rarity: As an artist’s work becomes more scarce, demand for their work may increase, leading to higher prices. Once an artist has passed away, their ability to create new works is limited, making their existing works super rare and potentially more valuable.
Reputation: An artist’s reputation and legacy can play a significant role in the value of their work. Artists who have made a significant impact on the art world and have a strong reputation may see their works sell for higher prices, even after they have passed away.
Market trends: The art market is subject to trends and fashions, and the works of certain artists may be more highly valued at certain times. This can lead to fluctuations in the value and price of an artist’s work.
Condition and provenance: The condition and provenance of a work can also influence its value. Works that are in good condition and have a strong provenance (i.e., a clear ownership history) may be more valuable than those that do not.
Building a strong reputation in the world of fine art can take time and requires dedication to your craft and a willingness to put in the work to promote your art and build your reputation.
To determine the condition and provenance of fine artworks, there are a few key steps you can take as an artist as well as a collector:
Examine the work closely: Look for any signs of damage, restoration, or alteration, and make note of them.
Research the artist: Learn as much as you can about the artist and their work, including their techniques, materials, and styles.
Check the provenance: Look for any documentation or information about the artwork’s ownership history, including previous owners, exhibition records, and any other relevant details.
Consult with experts: Consider consulting with experts such as art dealers, appraisers, or curators to get a professional opinion on the condition and provenance of the artwork.
Conduct online research: Use online resources such as databases, auction records, and museum collections to gather additional information about the artwork and its history.
By following these steps, you can help to ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the condition and provenance of fine artwork. This can be particularly important when buying or selling artworks, as the condition and provenance can and will definitely influence the value and price of the work.
Documentation is an important aspect of an artist’s career, as it helps to establish the authenticity, provenance, and value of their work.
Accurate and thorough documentation can be particularly important for artists who have sold their work for high prices, as it can help to establish the provenance and value of the work and protect the artist’s reputation.
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What documentation can I create as an artist to sell my art?
There are a variety of types of documentation that you might want to create or maintain as an artist in order to establish the provenance and value of your work, including:
Certificates of authenticity: These documents, often signed by the artist, confirm the authenticity of the work and provide information about the materials, techniques, and date of the work.
Exhibition records: Documentation of exhibitions in which the artist’s work has been displayed can help to establish the artist’s reputation and the value of their work.
Sales records: Keeping records of sales of the artist’s work can help to establish the value of the work and provide evidence of its provenance.
Inventory lists: Maintaining an inventory of the artist’s work can help to keep track of the works that have been sold and those that are still available.
By maintaining accurate and thorough documentation, as an artist, you can now help to establish the provenance and value of your work and protect your reputation in the art world. Make sure you register for our next coaching sessions with Steve Bayard to learn how we do that in 2023 with a single mobile app if you haven’t already.
In addition to these factors, galleries and collectors may also consider the artistic merit of the work, the materials and techniques used, and the overall aesthetic appeal of the piece. They may also take into account the artist’s reputation and the demand for their work in the art market. As the art market continues to evolve and change, galleries and collectors may be looking for different types of artworks and may be influenced by various trends and fashions.
However, overall, they are typically seeking works that are of high quality, have a strong provenance, and are created by artists with a strong reputation in the art world. In conclusion, we hope that you’ve enjoyed reading this blog post and that you’ll take the time to visit the shop and collections pages of our website to view our latest works and metaverse projects.
As a young emerging artist, we appreciate any support you can offer, whether it’s through purchasing our art, sharing our content with your friends and followers, or simply leaving a comment to let us know what you think. If you’re interested in supporting our work and research with AI, we’d also be grateful for any donations you’d like to make. Thank you for your support and we look forward to sharing more of our work with you in the future.
The 4P and marketing mix strategy for selling art in 2023
During our recent research in the field of marketing, we had the opportunity to return to these fundamental principles which make it possible to boost sales but also and above all to finalize them, thus making it possible to start generating interesting income with your creations.
After spending many years focused on connecting with your audience, it’s sometimes irritating to look at your bank account at the end of the month and realize that you have just enough to eat and pay living expenses, the meager salary which is no longer sufficient to cover all the needs of the household.
Knowing how to build your marketing mix, adjust it, take risks, do new tests, and relaunch the same product or the same brand 15x is not trivial in the marketing and sales environment, especially when it happens online. You have to be prepared for a wide range of customers with different expectations from each other.
We have decided to give you some tips that could be useful for you in this learning process because even among artists exhibiting regularly, this kind of technique tends to be quickly forgotten and it is also an interesting subject of discussion to find out what you have already tried on your side or give you new ideas to try to get out of your comfort zone.
We started by asking AI, how to explain the marketing mix and 4P policies to a young artist trying to sell his art online in 2023 and the answer was just as precise as this:
The marketing mix refers to the set of tactics and strategies that a company uses to promote and sell its products or services. It consists of four main elements: product, price, promotion, and place. These elements are often referred to as the “4Ps.”
Product: This refers to the goods or services that a company is selling. For a young artist selling art online, this would include things like the type of art being sold (e.g. paintings, drawings, sculptures), the materials used, and the quality of the work.
Price: This is the amount of money that customers must pay to purchase the product. When setting a price for your art, you’ll need to consider the cost of materials, the time and effort you put into creating the piece, and any other expenses you incur. You’ll also want to consider the prices of similar products being sold by other artists, as well as the price point that your target market is willing to pay.
Promotion: This refers to the various ways that you’ll market and advertise your art to potential customers. This could include things like social media marketing, email marketing, search engine optimization, and traditional advertising methods like print or radio ads.
Place: This refers to the channels or platforms through which you’ll sell your art. For an online artist, this could include your own website, online marketplaces like Etsy or ArtPal, or even social media platforms like Instagram.
By carefully considering these 4Ps, you can create a cohesive marketing strategy that will help you effectively promote and sell your art online.
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Let’s talk first about products. To create amazing products that will have a high potential for selling and resales in 2023, there are a few key things that young emerging artists and digital illustrators can do to create amazing products that will have a high potential for selling and resales in 2023:
Develop your own unique style: One of the most important things you can do to set yourself apart from other artists is to develop a distinct, recognizable style. This might be a certain type of subject matter you focus on, a specific color palette, or a certain level of detail or abstraction. Experiment with different approaches and find what works best for you.
Create high-quality work: It’s important to put in the time and effort to create the best work you can. This might involve investing in high-quality materials, taking workshops or classes to improve your skills, or simply putting in the time to practice and refine your craft.
Stay up to date on trends: It can be helpful to pay attention to current trends in the art world and in the digital illustration industry specifically. This can help you create work that resonates with your audience and is more likely to sell.
Be open to collaboration: Collaborating with other artists or brands can be a great way to expand your reach and create new, exciting work. Don’t be afraid to reach out to others and see if there are any opportunities for collaboration.
By following these tips and continuing to develop your skills and knowledge, you can create amazing products that have a high potential for selling and resale in 2023.
Pricing your art correctly can be challenging, especially when you’re just starting out and may not have a lot of sales data to go on. Here are a few tips to help you price your products correctly when trying to sell art online and on social media:
Consider your costs: When pricing your art, it’s important to consider the costs associated with creating it. This might include things like the cost of materials, any fees for online platforms or marketplaces, and the time and effort you put into the piece. You’ll want to make sure that you’re covering these costs, as well as making a profit.
Research the market: Look at the prices of similar products being sold by other artists, both online and offline. This can give you an idea of the going rate for similar pieces and help you determine a fair price for your own work.
Think about your target market: Consider the price point that your target market is willing to pay. If you’re targeting a high-end market, for example, you’ll likely be able to charge more for your art than if you’re targeting a budget-conscious audience.
Don’t be afraid to experiment: It’s okay to start with a tentative price and adjust it as you gain more sales data and customer feedback. Don’t be afraid to experiment with different price points and see what works best for you.
Remember to also calculate storage and warehouse costs. You will also have to pay attention to the costs of registering your works before you can distribute them or start publishing them on the web so as not to lose control of the fraudulent uses that can be made of them. In this case, the calculation of the costs and fees of a good lawyer can be very useful in order to protect you further.
By considering your costs, researching the market, and thinking about your target market, you can set a fair and reasonable price for your art that allows you to make a profit while still being competitive.
Do you plan on using AI for your art in 2023? Let us know in the comments!
Staying up to date on trends can be important for young emerging artists and digital illustrators, as it can help you create work that resonates with your audience and is more likely to sell. Here are a few ways to stay up to date on trends in 2023:
Follow industry blogs and publications: There are many blogs and publications that cover the art and design industries, and following these can be a great way to stay informed about current trends and developments.
Follow other artists and designers on social media: Many artists and designers use social media platforms like Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, and TikTok to showcase their work and share their thoughts on current trends and techniques. Following these accounts can be a great way to stay up to date on what’s happening in the industry.
Attend art and design events: Attending events like art fairs, exhibitions, and conferences can be a great way to learn about current trends and techniques and connect with other artists and designers.
Experiment and try new things: Another way to stay up to date on trends is to simply keep an open mind and be willing to try new things. Experiment with different techniques and styles, and don’t be afraid to take risks and try something new.
By following these tips and staying engaged with the art and design community, you can stay up to date on trends and continue to grow and evolve as an artist.
Promotion is what I call a super creative field itself, there are so many different ways that young emerging artists and digital illustrators can use to promote their art and sell their products. Here are a few ideas we found out for using social media marketing, email marketing, search engine optimization, and traditional advertising methods to promote your art.
Let’s try a few methods to apply what you’ve learned until here today:
Social media marketing: Social media platforms like Instagram, Twitter, and TikTok can be great places to showcase your art and reach a large, engaged audience. Consider creating an account specifically for your art and regularly posting updates, behind-the-scenes content, and finished pieces. You can also use hashtags and engage with other artists and art enthusiasts to increase your visibility.
Email marketing: Building an email list of fans and potential customers can be a great way to stay in touch and promote your art. Consider offering a free download or other incentives to encourage people to sign up for your email list, and then send out regular newsletters or promotional emails highlighting your latest work.
Search engine optimization (SEO): If you have your own website or online store, optimizing it for search engines can help you attract more visitors and potentially increase sales. This might involve doing things like using relevant keywords in your website content and titles, optimizing your images for search engines, and building backlinks from other websites.
Traditional advertising methods: While digital marketing can be very effective, traditional methods like print ads and radio ads can still be very useful ways to promote your art. Consider advertising in local newspapers, art magazines, local radio stations, or even professional apps to reach a new audience.
By using a combination of these marketing methods, you can effectively promote your art and reach a wider audience.
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There are many ways that young emerging artists can use different channels and platforms to sell their art online and reach a new audience. Here is a more detailed and scientific explanation of how to do this:
Creating your own website: Having a dedicated website for your art can be a powerful way to showcase your work and reach a new audience. By building a website, you have a central hub that you can use to showcase your art, provide information about yourself and your art, and sell your products directly to customers. When creating your website, it’s important to consider factors like design, layout, and navigation, as well as the technical aspects of building and hosting a website. You’ll also want to consider search engine optimization (SEO) strategies, as this can help you improve your visibility in search engine results and attract more visitors to your site.
Online marketplaces: Online marketplaces like Etsy, BayardStore, and 4Artmarketplace can be a great way to reach a large, targeted audience of potential buyers. These platforms allow you to set up a shop and sell your art directly to customers, and they handle many of the logistical details like payment processing and shipping. When using online marketplaces to sell your art, it’s important to consider things like fees and commissions, as well as the specific guidelines and policies of each platform.
Social media platforms: Social media platforms like Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, and TikTok as well as Pinterest can be powerful tools for promoting and selling your art. By creating an account specifically for your art and regularly posting updates, behind-the-scenes content, and finished pieces, you can reach a large, engaged audience of potential buyers. It’s also important to use hashtags and engage with other artists and art enthusiasts to increase your visibility and reach a new audience.
Facebook merchant center and shop: If you have a Facebook page for your art, you can use the Facebook merchant center and shop to sell your products directly to your followers. This can be a great way to reach a large, targeted audience and make it easy for customers to purchase your art. When using the Facebook merchant center and shop, it’s important to consider factors like fees, payment processing, and any specific guidelines or policies.
By placing your art on a variety of channels and platforms, you can reach a wider audience and increase your chances of making sales. It’s important to carefully consider the specific features and requirements of each platform and to tailor your marketing and sales strategies accordingly.
What you’ve learned here? The 4P marketing mix (product, price, promotion, and place) can be a useful framework for young emerging artists and digital illustrators to consider when promoting and selling their art online. By carefully considering these elements and using a variety of channels and platforms, you can effectively reach a new audience and increase your chances of making sales. We hope that you’ve found this information helpful and that you’ll consider incorporating these marketing methods into your own marketing mix. If you’ve enjoyed this blog post, please don’t forget to like and share it with your friends and followers. We appreciate your support and look forward to bringing you more valuable content in the future.
In conclusion, we hope that you’ve enjoyed reading this blog post and that you’ll take the time to visit the shop and collections pages of our website to view our latest works and metaverse projects. As a young emerging artist, we appreciate any support you can offer, whether it’s through purchasing our art, sharing our content with your friends and followers, or simply leaving a comment to let us know what you think. If you’re interested in supporting our work and research with AI, we’d also be grateful for any donations you’d like to make. Thank you for your support and we look forward to sharing more of our work with you in the future.
Holding digital assets in an e-wallet can be important for an art collector for several reasons.
First, an e-wallet allows for easy and secure storage of digital assets such as cryptocurrency or non-fungible tokens (NFTs). These types of digital assets are not physical and therefore cannot be stored in a traditional wallet or safe. An e-wallet provides a secure and accessible place to store and manage these assets.
Second, an e-wallet can allow for faster and cheaper transactions compared to traditional methods such as wire transfers. This can be particularly useful for art collectors who need to make frequent or large payments for art purchases.
Third, an e-wallet can provide greater privacy and security for financial transactions. Traditional financial institutions often require personal information and can track financial activity, which may not be desirable for all art collectors. An e-wallet can provide a more anonymous and secure way to store and manage digital assets.
Overall, an e-wallet can provide convenience, speed, and security for art collectors looking to hold and manage digital assets.
Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) are digital assets that represent ownership of a unique item or asset. They are stored on a blockchain, which is a decentralized and secure digital ledger that records transactions. NFTs are often used to represent ownership of digital art, collectibles, and other unique items.
One of the main benefits of NFTs is that they provide a way for artists and collectors to authenticate and verify the ownership and provenance of digital art and other assets. This is particularly important in the art world, where issues of authenticity and provenance can have a major impact on the value of a work.
In addition, NFTs offer a new way for artists to monetize their work and for collectors to invest in digital art. They provide a way for artists to sell unique, one-of-a-kind works directly to collectors, without the need for intermediaries. This can help artists to retain a greater share of the profits from their work, while also providing collectors with a more direct connection to the artists and their creations.
Overall, NFTs are representing a promising new development in the art world, offering a way for artists and collectors to authenticate, verify, and monetize digital art and other unique assets.
WHAT IS A NFT?
A non-fungible token (NFT) is a type of digital asset that represents ownership of a unique item or asset. NFTs are stored on a blockchain and are indivisible, meaning they cannot be divided into smaller units or exchanged for other tokens. NFTs are often used to represent ownership of digital art, collectibles, and other unique items.
The digital art market has grown significantly in recent years, driven in part by the increasing use of digital media and the proliferation of online platforms that make it easier for artists to share and sell their work. The rise of cryptocurrency and blockchain technology has also made it possible for digital art to be bought, sold, and collected as a unique, verifiable asset.
In the past, digital art was often considered less valuable than traditional, physical art because it could be easily reproduced and shared. However, as the market has matured, digital art has gained recognition as a legitimate form of artistic expression, and collectors have become more willing to invest in it.
There are several factors that could contribute to the continued growth of the digital art market in the future. These include the increasing importance of digital media in contemporary art, the growing interest in collecting digital assets, and the development of new technologies that make it easier to authenticate and trade digital art.
As with any market, the digital art market is subject to fluctuations and risks, and it is important for collectors to carefully evaluate the potential value and risk of any investment.
Investing in art can be rewarding, but it can also be a risky endeavor, particularly for novice collectors who may not have as much experience or knowledge about the art market. Some of the risks that novice art collectors may face when investing in the art world include the following.
Limited knowledge: Novice collectors may not have a deep understanding of the art market, the factors that influence the value of art, or the different styles and movements within the art world. This can make it difficult to accurately assess the value of an artwork and make informed investment decisions.
Fraud and authenticity: There have been numerous cases of art fraud, where works are sold as authentic but are later discovered to be fakes or forgeries. Novice collectors may be more vulnerable to fraud, as they may not have the expertise to identify fake works or may be more trusting of sellers.
Volatility: The art market can be volatile, with prices fluctuating based on a wide range of factors such as the popularity of an artist, the state of the economy, and the overall demand for art. Novice collectors may not be well-equipped to navigate these fluctuations and may be more vulnerable to financial losses if prices decline.
Limited liquidity: Art can be an illiquid asset, meaning that it may be difficult to sell or trade quickly. This can make it challenging for novice collectors to cash in on their investments or diversify their portfolios.
Professional art traders and fine art collectors may have more experience and knowledge about the art market and may be better equipped to mitigate some of these risks. However, even professional collectors face challenges and risks when investing in art, as the market is subject to unpredictable events and trends. It is important for all art collectors, regardless of their level of experience, to carefully evaluate the risks and potential returns of any investment in art.
There are several benefits for art collectors who are starting their collections as new millennial collectors:
Investment potential: Art can be a good investment, particularly if you choose works by established or up-and-coming artists who are likely to appreciate in value over time.
Cultural enrichment: Collecting art can provide exposure to different cultures, art movements, and historical periods, which can be a source of education and personal enrichment.
Personal enjoyment: Art collectors often derive pleasure from owning and displaying works that they find aesthetically pleasing or emotionally meaningful.
Social connections: Collecting art can be a social activity, as collectors often join clubs, attend art fairs and auctions, and build relationships with other collectors and industry professionals.
Legacy building: Collecting art can be a way to build a legacy that can be passed down to future generations.
Support for the art world: By purchasing art, collectors can support artists and the broader art world, helping to sustain the ecosystem of galleries, museums, and other organizations that support the creation and exhibition of art.
What would AI predict for contemporary art in the future for new trends and uses?
Reference: Steve Bayard asking ChatGPT AI what is the possible future of contemporary art.
It is difficult to predict with certainty what the future of contemporary art will be, as it is influenced by a wide range of factors, including societal and cultural trends, technological developments, and the individual preferences and visions of artists.
That being said, there are a few potential trends and uses for contemporary art that may emerge or continue to evolve in the future:
Incorporation of new technologies: It is possible that contemporary artists will continue to explore and incorporate new technologies into their works. This could include the use of virtual or augmented reality, 3D printing, or other forms of digital media.
New intersection of art and activism: Many contemporary artists use their work to address social and political issues and to advocate for change. It is possible that this trend will continue and that art will continue to be used as a platform for activism and social commentary.
Increased accessibility: The growth of online platforms and the increasing use of digital media has made it easier for artists to share their work and for collectors to access and purchase art. It is possible that this trend will continue, leading to greater accessibility and democratization of the art world.
Growth of the digital art market: The digital art market has grown significantly in recent years, and it is possible that this trend will continue in the future. This could involve the development of new technologies and platforms for buying, selling, and collecting digital art, as well as the recognition of digital art as a legitimate form of artistic expression.
It is worth noting that these are just a few potential trends and that the future of contemporary art is likely to be shaped by a complex interplay of factors and events, especially with new emerging AI solutions.
AI art refers to art that is created or generated using artificial intelligence algorithms and techniques. AI art can take many forms, including digital paintings, sculptures, music, texts, and more. Some AI art is created entirely by AI, while other AI art involves a collaboration between humans and AI. For example, this blog was redacted by asking the chatGPT tool a few questions in a sort of interview form and research made by artist and creator Steve Bayard around contemporary art and AI.
The issue of authorship rights in AI art is complex and has yet to be fully addressed by the art world or legal systems. Some argue that AI algorithms and systems should be considered the authors of AI art, as they are responsible for generating the work. Others argue that human creators should be considered real authors, as they are responsible for designing and programming the AI systems that create the art.
There are also questions about how to attribute ownership and control over AI art. Some have proposed the use of blockchain technology to create a permanent, verifiable record of ownership, while others have suggested that AI art should be treated as a collective work, with ownership shared among all the parties involved in its creation.
As the use of AI in the creation of art continues to grow and evolve, it is likely that these issues will continue to be debated and that new approaches and solutions will be developed very soon for it.
WHAT IS A NFT+?
NFT+ is an extension of the NFT concept that allows for additional functionality, such as the ability to track and verify the provenance of physical objects. For example, an NFT+ might be used to represent ownership of a physical piece of art, such as a painting, and to provide a digital record of the ownership history and other details about the artwork.
How to be sure an art collector can buy safely digital assets?
There are several steps that an art collector can take to ensure the safe purchase of digital assets:
Do your research: Make sure to thoroughly research the artist, the artwork, and the seller before making a purchase. Look for reviews and ratings, and try to find out as much as you can about the seller’s reputation.
Use a reputable platform or marketplace: There are several reputable online platforms and marketplaces that specialize in the sale of digital art and other digital assets. These platforms often have safeguards in place to protect buyers and ensure the authenticity and provenance of the artwork.
Use secure payment methods: When making a purchase, be sure to use a secure payment method, such as a credit card or a secure online payment service like PayPal. Avoid sending payments directly to the seller, as this can increase the risk of fraud.
Get a receipt or proof of purchase: Be sure to get a receipt or some other form of proof of purchase, such as a signed contract or a digital certificate of authenticity. This can serve as evidence of your ownership of the artwork and can help protect your rights as a collector.
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With some 24,600,000 search results in 0.43 seconds only for the word necromancer and about 16,500,000 search results in 0,41 seconds for the words “necromancy in art”, you can see that this is a really hot topic that has grown tremendously over the past few years and has been growing ever since with the appearance of artificial intelligence (AI) which makes it possible to generate a multitude of unique images within a few minutes already, so we taught about sharing with you what we have learned from it.
When it comes to human history, death and the act of dying have always been a big topic of discussion, often giving rise to many tragic occasions. With the development of more complex and elaborate ideas about the afterlife and the underworld, humans began to think of methods to contact the dead. The reasons can vary, ranging from emotional to purely pragmatic, but the effort remains the same. A multitude of rituals has developed over time aimed at reaching the deceased and summoning him to the land of the living. Thus was born the function of the necromancer who is the person capable or knowing the means of speaking to the inanimate.
Over time, people have always been fascinated by death and the afterlife. Funerary practices, tomb decoration, post-mortem rites, and rituals have accompanied humanity from the threshold of civilization to our living rooms, exhibiting proudly such types of art on our walls, and have not left us until modern times. The permanent departure of an individual has always had a shattering effect on the socio-economic structure of a society, going even further if the society was composed of only a small number of members.
Indeed, the closer the ties are between the ancestors or other dominant figures in our community, the more it is necessary to preserve these ties in one way or another, even after death. Dealing with a subject as complex as the necromantic manipulation of the dead can be a difficult task, especially if the facts provided by the story are often vague and based in the realm of myth and legend. Although it would be tempting to focus on the times when necromancy had already “flowered”, the earliest period in history, with some recorded evidence by several authors, can be dated to Hellenic Greece around 323 BC.
In our world of art, it is with the illustration “The witch of Endor conjures the soul of Samuel in the name of Saul” that one of the first testimonies concerning the apparitions and the witches that we can trace back to Joseph Glanvil in 1682 in London. Thereafter is an engraving of John Dee and Edward Kelly summoning in “the act of invoking the spirit of a deceased person” in the book Astrology by Ebenezer Sibly in London in 1806 that this practice will be illustrated again and more precisely.
Our research showed us that the oldest and one of the most important works mentioning our civilization the existence of necromancy is no other than Homer’s “Odyssey”. This Greek epic poem, fundamental to the Western canon and the second oldest complex written work of Western civilization, dates from the 8th century BC. The work describes the journey of the Greek hero Odysseus in Roman tradition.
The reference is as follows:
“With prayers and vows, I called upon the families of the dead. I held out the sheep above the hole, slit their throats, and let the dark blood flow. Then out of Erebus came swarming up shades of the dead, brides, young unmarried men, old ones worn out with canvas, young tender girls, with hearts, still new to grief, and many men wounded by bronze spears, who’d died in battle, still in their blood-stained armor. from all sides of the pit, with amazing cries. Pale fear seized my heart. Then I called my comrades, ordering them to flay and burn the sheep still lying there, slain by cruel bronze, and pray to the gods, to mighty Hades and Persephone.”
At the beginning of the practice named “Nekyia”, Odysseus digs a trench with his sword, and around it they pour libations for all the dead, first mixed with honey, the second time mixed with sweet wine, the third time mixed with water and then they sprinkle white meal over it.
Odysseus promises the hordes of the dead, that when back in Ithaca he will offer them a barren heifer in his palace and build for them a huge sacrificial pyre. Especially for Tiresias, he will sacrifice an all-black sheep that excels among other sheep.
In this part of the short story, Tiresias also advises Odysseus, that the spirits he would like to question should also be allowed to drink from the sacrificial blood. Here we observe what would later infamously become a dominant trait of necromancy, the practice of blood sacrifice needed for interaction with the underworld.
The roots of necromancy can be positively traced back to early Antiquity, with documented practices of several cultures and frequent interactions between them mutually influencing each other.
The necromancers of the past are mentioned by many sources, including the Bible and the Quran. A multitude of Greek and Roman historians described the rituals of their own contemporaries, as well as foreigners from different lands.
The belief which accounted for the dead to be wise, because of their closer proximity to god, and thus able to provide visions and prophecies beyond the ability of mother mortals was present in several cultures of Antiquity.
Nevertheless, the origins of the conjuration of the dead are probably older. Similarities reaching back to the practices of shamanism, or even to the ancestor cult can be traced back to the Stone Age.
But whether the unusual burial customs and the handling of corpses and bones were really part of an elaborate “necromantic” practice, as a means of placing oneself under the protection of an ancestor, or to appease his needs in reaching forth to the land of the living, will likely remain uncertain.
A necromancer is a person who practices necromancy, a discipline of dark magic used to communicate with the dead in order to predict the future.
Among the best known, we can find Sauron, a character from the legend of JRR Tolkien, nicknamed “the Necromancer” in the film “The Hobbit”, the Necromancers (Dungeons & Dragons), a class of characters from the fantasy role-playing game Dungeons & Dragons Dragon game. Dragons, but also Necromancers, a class of recurring characters in the Diablo action role-playing game franchise that greatly influenced the artist in his youth playing Diablo 2 & 3 and still on television screens with for example the flying android class in the Atheist/Mithraic Wars in Ridley Scott’s American television series Raised by Wolves.
Homer, Lucan, or Horace mention that necromancers used blood in order to call the dead. Blood is the life force sustaining them and making them able (or willing) to speak which explains the red dark tones in the backgrounds of the artworks in this new art collection presented by the artist.
The importance of blood is one of the most noticeable rites in almost all religions and cults even today. The ochre color in the graves of the Stone Age, blood rituals in Antiquity, Aztec and Mayan beliefs in the concept of the universe, the importance of blood in Judaism and Islam (the disposal of blood during the preparation of meat), the Matam of the Shia or the Holy Blood of Christ are just a fraction of all the blood-related practices and ideas that accompany the religious beliefs of mankind.
No wonder then that the most important fluid also finds its way into the communication with the deceased. The renown this practice gained was also the foundation of the later infamous linking of all the occult practices to blood rituals and sacrifices, rendering occultists outcasts who were active in practices harmful to the general public.
The veneration of the dead, which also includes the ancestors, is one of the oldest religious practices in human history and, surprisingly, this idea still survives today. However, the similarities in the goals the practitioner is trying to achieve with necromancy cannot be disputed, they are now widely pictured on the web.
Not only did the Greeks and Romans have an elaborate belief in the underworld and with it a strong connection to necromancy. Several other nations, mainly from the Middle East region, also had their own means of communication with the dead. On several occasions, practitioners of this art from other regions have also been mentioned by Greek sources, often even claiming that the knowledge came from the nations of the East. Strabo, in his work Geography, reports that magicians, among others also diviners of the dead, originated in Egypt, Babylon, or Etruria.
Among the most eminent Shamans, besides the necromancers, were the Chaldeans, and especially the Sabians who were magi from Persia and who are said to have taught the art of divination to several of the Greek and Roman sorcerers already mentioned, without forgetting of course the priests of Babylon and Egypt as mentioned by Isaiah 19:3. We could therefore ask ourselves, could the origins of necromancers be shamanic?
That doesn’t seem to be the case, because even though shamanism is considered one of the oldest religions of all time, the origins of necromancy could actually go back even further in time. Indeed, the first similarities with the necromantic rituals and practices of later periods could be rooted in the worship of the ancestors which would already date back to the Stone Age.
One person’s death was always the big unknown. Even in today’s modern society, where final departure can be explained from the point of view of medical science as a decline in biological functions, the idea of dying is still shrouded in mystery. We can only be rational to a certain extent, most likely when the question of death does not concern us directly. Social and emotional ties are severed by the death of a close friend or relative. In such a situation, it is understandable to assume that a desperate person is willing to try methods beyond the realm of logic and science.
In science-fiction, “Necromancer” or “The Necromancer” can also refer to several types of content such as fictional movie characters, video game characters, literature, and music. This type of character appeared for the first time in “Scenes of divination, including haruspication, pyromancy, and necromancy” in a drawing by Hans Burgkmaier the Elder (1473-1531) on display at the National Library of Paris in France, and then in American literature in the book “Necromancer” which is a science fiction novel by American writer Gordon R. Dickson, published in 1962. In the work of Dickinson, the necromancer follows the fortune of Paul Formain, a mining engineer at the end of the 21st century who suffers several accidents and is following the necromancer Jason Warren with the initial goal of joining the guild for the regeneration of his lost arm.
During his research, the Swiss artist Steve Bayard wanted to bring this history to life by conveying it in turn in the form of a collection of works of art that he will begin to create in 2022. The goal of the collection is to pay homage to the engineers who, like him, are engineering lines of code to create amazingly relevant NFTs today and forming the new basis for museum exhibitions in the next century.
It was by drawing inspiration from this creative essence after the artist Steve Bayard had an accident in the right wrist in August 2020 that the artist continued his research around AI and necromancy with, for example, the visioning of short movies such as Necromancer, a 1988 American horror film, and Nekrotronic, a 2018 Australian sci-fi horror film that had an average rating of 5.3/10 on Rotten Tomatoes.
Interestingly, the review site there described this second film as follows: “Nekrotonic has a lot of weird energy, but this horror-comedy hybrid mixes ingredients without quite knowing what to do with them.” On Metacritic it had achieved a score of 25% based on reviews from 4 critics, indicating “generally unfavorable reviews”. However, the 2018 film was widely picked up and republished on Youtube by users totaling more than 4K views or around 1K views per month for a film in which Monica Bellucci plays one of the main roles, which probably allowed the film to be nominated for Best Hair and Makeup at the 9th AACTA Awards.
As the artist also went through a youth filled with PlayStation video games such as Diablo, and Diablo II where the Necromancer determines that the Malefics have grown too powerful and thus allies with the forces of Light to restore the balance of the world and Diablo III, where “The Witch Doctor” is a new character reminiscent of the necromancer from Diablo II, but with skills more traditionally associated with voodoo culture not unfamiliar to her, this influenced him a lot for creating these iconic portraits of necromancers.
Like a sorcerer, using artificial intelligence (AI), the artist has recovered the ability to invoke mysterious forces to cast curses, harvest souls, and launch his production of artwork on the enemies of transdisciplinary artists while offering comfort to depressed souls looking for more mystical imagery to suspend behind glass on their walls.
Did you know? It seems like the real rise in the digital market of necromancers probably took place during the release on June 27 of 2017, which was already announced at BlizzCon earlier in 2016 with Diablo III: Rise of the Necromancer which is a second expansion for the Diablo III game. This new game expansion introduces the Necromancer class, which prefers to strike from a distance, unleashing destruction from afar.
The skeletal undead under their command overwhelmed enemies before they had a chance to strike, and the horrific curses the necromancers employed crippled even the most resilient demons. Necromancers could use their undead mobs to create diversions or simply open a path for their master to escape safely.
It is of course by listening to the song “Necromancer” by Sepultura, during the creation of this collection that the artist finally had all the elements to add the perfect touch in order to create an original collection and immerse himself in beastly pixel devastation through patterns of diffusion and machine learning.
You can discover the 24 illustrations as the first drop for this collection of prints on the BayardStore.